Knee Total Knee Replacement (also known as Total Knee Arthroplasty) is a procedure that removes the bone and cartilage of the knee that has been damaged due to arthritis and replaces them with metal and plastic components. These components mimic the anatomy and function of a healthy knee so that you can return to activities without the pain caused by arthritis. The procedure is one of the most well-known and most effective in orthopedic surgery because it dramatically decreases knee pain and improves quality of life.
How Total knee is performed
During the procedure:
Incision and joint exposure. An incision is made below, around, and above the patella (knee cap). Muscles and soft tissues are retracted.
Joint preparation. Damaged bone and cartilage are carefully removed. Trial implants are evaluated until the perfect size is found.
Implants. Perfectly sized implants are placed and cemented over precisely cut knee bones.
The incision is carefully closed to prevent infection and ensure proper healing. Total procedure time is usually less than 2 hours and physical therapy is typically started the day of surgery to expedite recovery.